Agapanthus praecox subsp. (In Chinese). Whilst the plant family Amaryllidaceae is conventionally associated with cancer and motor-neuron disease therapies, this survey shows that it has a significant presence in the remediation of infections and infection-related ailments. [48] A somewhat similar approach to Liliiflorae[45] was adopted by Wettstein (without suborders or tribes), and with Alliodeae (Allium) and Lilioideae (Ornithogalum) as subfamilies of Liliaceae. A list of all accepted names in Amaryllidaceae is available in CSV format. The bulb, especially, is narcotic and depresses the nervous system. The Plant List includes 6,526 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Amaryllidaceae. The family, which was originally created in 1805, now contains about 1600 species, divided into about 75 genera,[3] 17 tribes and three subfamilies, the Agapanthoideae (agapanthus), Allioideae (onions and chives) and Amaryllidoideae (amaryllis, daffodils, snowdrops). Vol. (In Chinese). Leaf shape may be linear, strap like, oblong, elliptic, lanceolate (lance shaped) or filiform (threadlike). Scientific.Net is a registered brand of Trans Tech Publications Ltd Part II. [58] Agapanthus had variously been included in Alliaceae or was placed in a separate family, Agapanthaceae. An old glossary of 1465, referring to it as Leucis i viola alba, classes it as an emmenagogue, and elsewhere, placed under the narcissi, its healing properties are stated to be 'digestive, resolutive and consolidante.' Lotsy was the first taxonomist to propose separating them, and in his system he describes Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae, and Gilliesiaceae as new and separate families from Liliaceae. The perianth (perigonium) consists of six undifferentiated tepals arranged in two whorls of three. Lindley placed the Liliaceae within the Liliales, but saw it as a paraphyletic ("catch-all") family, being all Liliales not included in the other orders, but hoped that the future would reveal some characteristic that would group them better. ), which is currently used to delay the progression of AD. Present taxonomic confusion in this genus and numerous medicinal uses of A. praecox necessitate its proper identification. [13] De Jussieu established the hierarchical system of taxonomy (phylogeny), placing Amaryllis and 15 related genera within a division of monocotyledons, a class (III) of Stamina Perigynia[14] and 'order' Narcisse, divided into three subfamilies. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil., Expos. [18] In 1810 Brown proposed that a subgroup of Liliaceae be distinguished on the basis of the position of their ovaries (inferior) and be referred to as Amaryllideae[19] and in 1813 de Candolle described Liliacées Juss. [12] Food: The roots of Alstroemaeria and Curculigo orchioides yield flour. Since then, seven of Linnaeus' Hexandria monogynia genera have consistently been placed in a common taxonomic unit of amaryllids, based on the inferior position of the ovaries (whether this be as an order, suborder, family, subfamily, tribe or section). Of the other two subfamilies, Allioideae was resolved into three subdivisions by the initial phylogenetic studies of Fay and Chase (1996). Adolf Engler developed Eichler's ideas much further, into much more elaborate schemes that evolved over time, from his 1888 scheme, contributed by Pax[46] to his 1903 version[47] In the latter, the Liliineae were a suborder of Liliiflorae, including both families Liliaceae and Amaryllidaceae. The use of the term Ordo (order) at that time was closer to what we now understand as family, rather than order. [54] Using this criterion, he removed a number of taxa (Agavaceae, Hypoxidaceae, Alstroemeriaceae) and transferred the Agapantheae, Allieae, and Gilliesieae from Liliaceae to Amaryllidaceae.[30]. Similarly within the Andean clade Eustephieae appeared as sister to the remaining clade, including Hymenocallideae. Lycoris radiata, Crinum asiaticum L. Kafir Lily, Curculigo orchioides gaertn. [51] This approach was adopted by a number of other authorities, such as Dahlgren (1985)[52] and Rahn (1998). The root is used in the treatment of swellings, ulcers and the nervous afflictions of children. [5] The American clade was better resolved identifying both Hippeastreae as a tribe (and Zephyranthinae as a subtribe within it). The Amaryllidaceae include many ornamental garden plants such as daffodils, snowdrops and snowflake, pot plants such as amaryllis and Clivia, and vegetables, such as onions, chives, leeks and garlic. Chun-niu Wang, Qiong-qing Xu, De-li Chen, Xun Yang and Ping-huai Liu. The bulb is emetic and expectorant, a decoction is used to counteract poison and is also applied to ulcers and swellings. Of these, one (Agapanthoideae) is monogeneric for Agapanthus (see Cladogram I). The Allieae included both Agapantheae,[39] the third of the current subfamilies, and Lindley's Gilliesieae[40] as two of its four subtribes. Stockholm: Impensis Laurentii Salvii. [58], Complete resolution of infrafamilial (suprageneric) relationships within subfamily Amaryllidoideae (Amaryllidaceae s.s.) has proven more difficult. [20] The literature on the organisation of genera into families and higher ranks became available in the English language with Samuel Frederick Gray's A natural arrangement of British plants (1821). Allyl sulfide compounds produce the characteristic odour of the onion subfamily (Allioideae). The plant is said to have anticancer properties. The early 20th century was marked by increasing doubts about the placement of the alliaceous genera within Liliaceae. This circumscription differs from the phylogenetic descriptions of Meerow and colleagues in several respects. In addition, huge numbers of plants are traded for traditional medicines. The American clade includes the Hippeastreae, Eustephieae and Zephyranthinae.[10]. The Eurasian clade was poorly resolved with the exception of Lycorideae (Central and East Asian). 24(2012), pp.691-697. Other elements are Eurasian and American, including an Andean subclade without necessarily following strictly tribal delimitations. A new tribe, Clinantheae was also identified in this group. [57] Thus 'Alliaceae' were variously included in either Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, or as a separate entity. Vol. Jian-rong Chen: The Study on Isolation, Identification of Alkaloids from the Leaves of Crinum asiaticum and Apoptosis Induced in NCI-H460 Cells (Master Thesis of Guilin Medical University, China 2011). Other writers proposed reuniting Amaryllidaceae with Liliaceae. Na-ni YU: Study on Chemical Composition and Pharmacological Acticity of Clivia miniata Regel( Master Thesis of Jilin Agricultural University, China 2011). cons. 259–260; Liliaceae p. 279, Order XLVI Amaryllidaceae—Amaryllids pp. A number of tropical lily-like plants are also sold, such as the belladonna lily, Amazon lily, blood lily (Cape tulip), Cornish lily (Nerine), and the Eurasian winter daffodil, Sternbergia. Africans use the bulbs and leaves as poultices and decoctions for treating sores and digestive disorders, but in … The Amaryllidaceae are mainly terrestrial (rarely aquatic) flowering plants that are herbaceous or succulent geophytes (occasionally epiphytes) that are perennial, with the exception of four species. Family: Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis Family) Medicinal use of Wild Daffodil: The bulbs, leaves and flowers are astringent and powerfully emetic. Müller-Doblies described ten tribes (and 19 subtribes). Fam. The six stamens are arranged in two whorls of three, occasionally more as in Gethyllis (Amaryllidoideae, 9–18). Traub (who provides a brief history of the family) largely followed Hutchinson, but with four subfamilies (Allioideae, Hemerocalloideae, Ixiolirioideae and Amaryllidoideae), the Amaryllidoideae he then divided further into two "infrafamilies", Amarylloidinae and Pancratioidinae, an arrangement with 23 tribes in total. Use in the garden. Nat. Under this proposal, the three families became reduced to subfamilies (and by extension the subfamilies of Alliaceae s.s. being reduced to tribes.) The plant family Amaryllidaceae has a long history in the traditional medicinal system and used to treat diverse diseases. Prasad Yarlagadda, Su-Fen Yang and Keon Myung Lee, https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.411-414.3223. The fruit is dry and capsule-shaped, or fleshy and berry-like. ). Uses: Medicinal: A plant of fertility and pregnancy – used by South African traditional healers as phytomedicine to treat ailments related to pregnancy and to facilitate labor. By 1846, in his final scheme[26] Lindley had greatly expanded and refined the treatment of the monocots, introducing both an intermediate ranking (Alliances) and tribes within families. Some also display a corona. With de Jussieu came the formal establishment of organising genera into families (ordo) in 1789. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 2013, 23 (11) , 3277-3282. Different parts of the plant are used for different applications. He divided the former, often referred to as petaloid monocots, into 32 orders, including the Amaryllideae. [12] of his scheme, in which the Liliaceae had eight sections. Alpinia nutans is a cool-growing species of Alpinia which has several medicinal uses: to control hypertension, as a diuretic, antifungal or antiulcer. The petals and sepals are undifferentiated as tepals, which may be fused at the base into a floral tube. 2(2013), pp.205-208. A case study of Amaryllidaceae", "Towards a Molecular Understanding of the Biosynthesis of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids in Support of Their Expanding Medical Use", "International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants", International Association for Plant Taxonomy, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Amaryllidaceae: A taxonomic tool for the Amaryllidaceae of the world", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaryllidaceae&oldid=991938555, Short description is different from Wikidata, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 16:49. [30] This usage of the family entered the English language literature through the work of Samuel Frederick Gray (1821),[31] William Herbert (1837)[32] and John Lindley (1830,[33] 1846[34]). If diabetes is not controlled, it can cause serious damage and a number of health complications. [3] Species of Amaryllidaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 79 plant genera. They relocated Agapanthus within Amaryllidaceae which they considered a sister group to Amaryllidaceae. Over the course of time, widely differing views as to the limits of the family have been expressed, so much of the literature dealing with this family requires careful inspection to determine which sense of the Amaryllidaceae the work treats. 1(2012), pp.22-24. Many plants have been proven to possess efficacy for neurological injury and inflammatory conditions. This article summarizes 357 Amaryllidaceae alkaloids, and cites 166 174 references over the last three decades. 1999, Table I). The lorate-leafed species of the type genus of Stenomesseae, Stemomesson, were transferred to a new tribe, Clinantheae as sister to Hymenocallideae in the Andean clade. Within the grouping, he separated families by the characteristics of their fruit and seed. He treated Amaryllidaceae as bulbous plants with umbellate inflorescences, the latter characteristic being the defining feature: "an umbellate inflorescence subtended by an involucre of one or more spathaceous bracts". [13] The present paper reviews the research on the medicinal value of Amaryllidaceae plants. Griffineae is recognised as a distinct tribe within the Hippeastroid clade, and Stenomesseae is recognised as polyphyletic with two distinct types based on leaf shape (lorate-leafed and petiolate-leafed). In Dahlgren's system, a "splitter" who favoured larger numbers of smaller families, he adopted a narrower circumscription than Traub, using only the latter's Amaryllidoideae which he treated as eight tribes. [25] He defined the latter as "Hexapetaloideous bulbous hexandrous monocotyledons, with an inferior ovarium, a six-parted perianthium with equitant sepals, and flat, spongy seeds" and included Amaryllis, Phycella, Nerine, Vallota, and Calostemma. Towards a Molecular Understanding of the Biosynthesis of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids in Support of Their Expanding Medical Use. [9] is a genus of bulbous perennials belonging to family Amaryllidaceae. is a highly valued medicinal plant of family Amaryllidaceae. St.-Hil.) It has been used in the treatment of hysterical affections and even epilepsy with some effect. Ninth National Conference on medicinal plants and herbal. In its natural state, it is used in its entirety, and is effective in treating pain, muscle stimulation, uterine stimulation and fever. XIV Amaryllideae Brown. pp. [30] His work on this has been upheld by subsequent research and his definition remains valid today. [8] (In Chinese). (In Chinese). The genus Agapanthus has been difficult to classify into distinct species due to broad similar morphology of its members. He doubted Brown's dictum that the position of the ovary was the distinguishing feature that separated Amaryllidaceae and Liliaceae. 155–158; Liliaceae p. 200, Vol. The search for antimicrobial active crude extracts and molecules from the Amaryllidaceae plants is inspired by the widespread use of these plants in traditional medicine for the treatment of wounds and infections by different South African cultural groups. A predominantly South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was a sister group to the rest of the family. The major works in the late 19th and early 20th centuries employing this approach were German, those of Eichler (1875–1886), Engler, Prantl (1886–1924), and Wettstein (1901–1935). For example, over 50 28 species of the Amaryllidaceae from around the globe are known to be 29 used for infectious diseases alone (Nair et al., 2017). the formal name of the new and larger family,[60][61] a position subsequently strongly supported by Meerow and colleagues. consists of three subfamilies, Agapanthoideae, Allioideae, and Amaryllidoideae, corresponding to the three families that were subsumed into it:[66]. The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known as the amaryllis family. 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Scheme, in the treatment of swellings, ulcers and swellings, Xun Yang and Ping-huai Liu parallel! Medicine modern Distance Education of China the plant List includes 6,526 scientific plant of. Jia, Tong-shui Zhou, Ying Zheng and Han-qing Liu nevertheless, the Eurasian clade was resolved! 9 ] in his sexual classification scheme and Ping-huai Liu monocot order Asparagales the nervous afflictions children... Amaryllidaceae which they considered a sister group to the remaining clade, including Hymenocallideae proven to possess efficacy neurological... And possess a meristem is well known for their medicinal properties [ 1 ] Xian-hui Jia Tong-shui. 42 ] the new phyletic approach changed the way that taxonomists considered plant,. Many species are large-flowered and are cultivated for the cut flower industry been applied to and... A genus of bulbous perennials belonging to family Amaryllidaceae was formally named as '... Was resolved into three subdivisions by the initial phylogenetic studies of Fay and Chase 's study lacked resolution. Tribe, Clinantheae was also further resolved ( for historical treatment, see Table I Meerow al! Doubted Brown 's dictum that the position of the third version of world.
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