Climate change is so powerful that in recent months it has affected the electricity supply, too. Human-caused climate change is one of the threats to sustainability.. The current study addresses a key component of these issues, the effect of climate change on the road infrastructure of Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia. “The impacts of climate change—such as increased dry spells and erratic rains — threaten to undermine decades of development gains and future development trajectories in Zambia. The government re ects this … Definition; 04. Zambia recognises the negative impact of climate change on the development goals of the country and the need to respond to this threat. 0000003309 00000 n 0000026018 00000 n While climate change is widely regarded as a threat to food security in southern Africa, few studies attempt to link the impacts of climate change on agriculture with the specificities of smallholder livelihoods. Climate experts are formal: the Earth is warming up at a steady pace. We are already experiencing the effects of a changing climate. • Every American is vulnerable to the health impacts associated with climate change. 0000068582 00000 n )��c`��+& Ȥ It is directly linked to the increase of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere, worsening the greenhouse effect. 2 The aggregated estimated total GDP loss by sector was in the range of USD 4,330-5,440 million with the following sector GDP losses: Agriculture (2,200 – 3,130), Energy related (270 – 450), Health (460), and Natural Resources (1,400). But while it’s strong, there’s something more powerful: the voices and the will of the people of Zimbabwe who want change and are working hard to make it, despite obstacles. Zambia must reduce the deforestation rate to ensure a green economy and sustianbale development. 0000026142 00000 n The African Development Bank has called for $40 Billion USD per year over the coming decades to be provided to African countries to address development issues directly related to climate change. These impacts extend well beyond an increase in temperature, affecting ecosystems and communities in the United States and around the world. 4291, The World Bank Development Research Group, Washington D.C. 4 Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Natural Resources (MTENR). 0000062602 00000 n The high vulnerability of the health sector in Zambia to the adverse impacts of climate variability/change is rooted in the widespread prevalence and proliferation of health risk factors within the population. The full relationship between fisheries and climate change is difficult to explore due to the context of each fishery and the many pathways that climate change affects. government funded research has declined, including on climate change. 0000026392 00000 n %%EOF related to climate change. In 2009 Zambia’s Ministry of Finance and Development Planning requested that Zambia become a pilot country under PPCR, which was approved, leading to the availability of funding and other support from PPCR. • Every American is vulnerable to the health impacts associated with climate change. Its consequences affect many communities and sectors, with the poor particularly vulnerable. Find out its causes and effects, but most importantly the solutions to prevent climate change. The literature addressing climate change specifically in Zambia is much thinner and focuses mostly on Zambia’s climate change struggles, mainly in terms of negative impacts on Zambia’s agriculture and food production. Findings from the economy wide modelling assessment suggest that climate variability has a pronounced negative effect on economic growth. %PDF-1.6 %���� Zambia’s policies and programs to deal directly with climate change impacts have evolved since initial steps were taken in 2007. Introduction. the Agricultural Policy/Environmental eXtender (APEX) model to evaluate future climate change impacts and adaptations in Eastern US corn-soybean rotation systems. 0000094458 00000 n LAKE KARIBA, Zambia — Even as drought and the effects of climate change grew visible across this land, the Kariba Dam was always a steady, and seemingly limitless, source of … %PDF-1.7 %���� 桫�a�����H�T�8&�llll^Ӥu #�� 7���h�1�w��Z@ 6]����a5��X�.��dŔPux���E��E!|���,cap�f��u��u��s8�'. 0000009776 00000 n Zambia, along with several of its African neighbors, ranks among the countries most exposed to climate change. Solutions; 02. This study assesses the spatial and temporal distribution of water resources and the impacts of projected climate change on water resource availability in Zambia. Climate change exacerbates some existing health threats and creates new public health challenges. climate change issues in Zambia, including climate finance, has broad and high-level support and an interim Climate Change secretariat has already been established to guide its evolution • Studies on the economy-wide impacts of climate change are largely donor supported. Yields of traditional crops, such as cassava, will be less affected by climate change, because of its ability to achieve at least some yield in the worst weather years. Responding to climate change: The threats of climate impacts to sustainable development are critical and these have to be addressed if Zambia is to move towards sustainable development and ensure that adverse impacts of climate change do not undermine national efforts to attain the Millennium Development Goals and reduce poverty. For some living in Zimbabwe, there’s been one shock after another. CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS, vULNERABILITy AND ADAPTATION IN ZIMBABWE I CLIMATE CHANGE I ii Executive summary THIS PAPER REVIEWS IMPACTS, VULNERABILITy AND adaptation to climate change in Zimbabwe, with the intention of providing a broad overview of the key issues related to climate change facing this particular country. 0000005846 00000 n 0000003226 00000 n 1. Learn More. Zambia has been experiencing adverse impacts of climate change - including an increase in frequency and severity of seasonal droughts, occasional dry spells, increased temperatures in valleys, flash floods and changes in the growing season. Hydropower is particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change – and the impact of the changes in rainfall and water availability, protracted drought events, significant variation in temperature regimes, and more frequent and severe weather events that are already being seen in sub-Saharan Africa. Kyoto Protocol: The Kyoto Protocol is an international legally binding agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which gives legally binding emission reduction h�b```��`a`f`�sLRr`d�{�/�p� ���قC����~Ѭ+���,۠�̾2���5:88�-@,���*�ey � Ă`�>�y�"����LT=x~��|��ە���zm���`�q Һ�,��43��s�8k H���b �D� ��<3 0000032240 00000 n This is their story. 0000054315 00000 n Causes; 05. 0000074120 00000 n 0000007299 00000 n 0000025966 00000 n 0000015191 00000 n LAKE KARIBA, Zambia — Even as drought and the effects of climate change grew visible across this land, the Kariba Dam was always a steady, and seemingly limitless, source of … Responding to climate change: The threats of climate impacts to sustainable development are critical and these have to be addressed if Zambia is to move towards the negative effects of climate change, especially as it relates to disruption of people’s livelihoods. USAID encourages sustainable natural resource management and broad-based, climate-smart, economic development that promotes resilience and curbs the acceleration of greenhouse gas emissions. However, there is strong global evidence for these effects. 0000038154 00000 n Watch the video. Water. The current study addresses a key component of these issues, the effect of climate change on the road infrastructure of Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia. REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA NATIONAL POLICY ON CLIMATE CHANGE April 2016 Ministry of lands, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection. Despite some evidence on the impacts of climate change on agriculture in Zambia, gaps remain in understanding the likely impacts of climate change … In Zambia, any change in climate can spell disaster. 0000006373 00000 n �����j4%7%���Nv��Im����#�����2WB���Q���N 3�*QT:#����L��/LF�P�l(8����6�Nj�8 ^9����F��]��G�l"���v�I��u6q(xn��8Q���& �ĵ�vȚ��4.z�d��I��vY����5:�/pB�/㕰����*���#'�D���G�-[�:����1B��I�vO�a26��{L�e����bߝ�0S$7���؜`�p�|����E�� ������yQP��y 0 Climate change destabilises the Earth’s temperature equilibrium and has far-reaching effects on human beings and the environment. 2 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Zambia. Global warming is a phenomenon of climate change characterized by a general increase in average temperatures of the Earth, which modifies the weather balances and ecosystems for a long time. Effects of climate change on humans. 0000079041 00000 n MTENR, February 2011. 0000009276 00000 n These factors include inadequate health care facilities and personnel, extensive poverty, poor water supply and sanitation, and poor nutrition coupled with food insecurity. The focus of the first day of the workshop was on establishing a common understanding of key concepts and issues, including climate change impacts on agriculture in Zambia … climate change impacts have evolved since initial steps were taken in 2007. Across the globe climate change has caused serious damage to the environment and to human life in general. 0000067919 00000 n Climate change risks integrated into critical decision-making processes for agricultural management at the local, sub-national and national levels 2. Using a water balance model in a hydrological modeling framework and statistical downscaling of future climate scenarios from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the paper simulates the impacts of climate change on water availability in Zambia’s main river basins from current periods until the end of the century in 2100. 524 0 obj <>stream Monitoring climate change impacts on human health 278 Adapting to climate change 278 Responses: from science to policy 280 Concluding remarks 281 References 282 Glossary 284 Index 306 viii CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUMAN HEALTH. Climate change will have a drastic impact on our forests, oceans, freshwaters, polar regions, and all of its inhabitants. Understanding the impacts of climate change on development priorities in Africa – and adapt-ing economies, societies, natural resource man-agement practices, energy investments, budgets In Zambia, any change in climate can spell disaster. Climate change is widely regarded as a multiplier of existing threats to food security in southern Africa (Kotir, 2011). 0000088578 00000 n 0000061939 00000 n strengthening resilience to climate change and variability, and reducing agricultures contribution to climate change, and - the barriers to CSA adoption as well as CSA policy gaps It was mentioned that the CSA-IP could focus on three levels of intervention: 1. policy, legal and regulatory framework level, 2. the delivery system level, and 3. National Policy on Climate Change FOREWORD Climate change has emerged as one of the most pressing issues in Zambia affecting socio economic development. Nearly 4 in 10 people (39%) live within 100 kilometres from a shoreline and are at risk of flooding if sea levels continue to rise. The author wishes to thank the GEF and the World Bank for funding which made this study possible; Dr Ariel Dinar for … Today we can! Its consequences affect many communities and sectors, with the poor particularly vulnerable. 0000002470 00000 n Zambia recognises the negative impact of climate change on the development goals of the country and the need to respond to this threat. The effects of climate change span the physical environment, ecosystems and human societies. 01. 0000002506 00000 n Climate change is affecting the most vulnerable in Zimbabwe. Signs of Climate Change. 27, August 2006 Rainfall Temperature 1.9mm per month decreased (2.3% per d) 1.3 since 1960 Agricultural productivity in the pilot sites made resilient to the anticipated impacts of climate change 3. 0000044086 00000 n … 0000007960 00000 n 0000005734 00000 n The organization has also been helping to build capacities and institutions required to effectively combat climate change at the national level. 0000004571 00000 n National fiscal, regulatory and development policy revised to promote adaptation 2 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Zambia. 0000008644 00000 n climate change in Africa. and life as a result of climate change Concerted global action is needed to enable developing countries to adapt to the effects of climate change that are happening now and will worsen in the future. Africa will be hardest hit by climate change, but has contributed the least to causing that change. • This assessment significantly advances what we know about the impacts of climate change on public health, and the confidence with which we know it. The Economics of Climate Change in Zambia. Download PDF. Effects; 06. 501 0 obj <> endobj 0000022850 00000 n Zambia is one of the countries most affected by drought in Southern Africa and flooding is an uncommon occurrence in the country. To be effective, climate change adaptation needs to be mainstreamed across multiple sectors and greater policy coherence is essential. trailer <]/Prev 873024>> startxref 0 %%EOF 429 0 obj <>stream The goal is to reduce our vulnerability to the harmful effects of climate change (like sea-level encroachment, more intense extreme weather events or food insecurity). 0000020201 00000 n Zambia National Adaptation Programme of Action on climate change (2007) 2. 0000002260 00000 n *^�1��9uˮγ6�n[�z@F����%��u�I�]�4Zר�-���9�@�au����� Q�s. 0000008555 00000 n It draws on a set of background papers that were produced by the Policy … Climate change is one of the most challenging problems facing the world today. Jan 5, 2010. Zambia has tremendous natural resource wealth but faces increasing threats to its environment, including deforestation and wildlife trafficking, and the effects of climate shocks. The government re ects this in the Seventh National Development Plan (7NDP) and other policy pronouncements: National Disaster Management Policy and National Climate Change Policy. The National policy on climate change should be put in place … 0000001196 00000 n We are the first generation to know about it and we are the last that can do anything about it. Open Access ; Published: 22 August 2014; Infrastructure and climate change: a study of impacts and adaptations in Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia. Things that we depend upon and value — water, energy, transportation, wildlife, agriculture, ecosystems, and human health — are experiencing the effects of a changing climate. 0000006875 00000 n One of the more famous books is the one edited by Pak Sum Low (2005). Metrics details. The effects of climate change on yields ranged from decreases to increases, generally improving with latitude and worseningwith time . Climate change exacerbates some existing health threats and creates new public health challenges. endstream endobj startxref The Economics of Climate Change in Zambia. 0000003423 00000 n 0000083585 00000 n There is now widespread consensus that the Earth is warming at a rate unprece-dented during post hunter-gatherer human existence. One of the sectors that benefit the poor is tourism, and the sector gets impacted by global warming that causes climate variability and change. >.�߫���������A�Sћ�J�qV}>��&...�T!�L��4)(��f��e��< jҠ�li�Pm@X�54 ,�0���W@šj`�±�3 1. Using a water balance model in a hydrological modeling framework and statistical downscaling of future climate scenarios from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the paper simulates the impacts of climate change on water availability in Zambia’s main river basins from current periods until the end of the century in 2100. defeat the threat of climate change. On the 3rd of March 2017, Zambia launched its long-awaited National Climate Change Policy aimed at stemming the impact of climate change and subsequent reduction of the country’s annual economic growth due to crop failure and the impact of climate change on energy production. 1. For two weeks in May, we traveled across three-quarters of Zimbabwe, researching how climate change is affecting the country. It also includes the economic and social changes which stem from living in a warmer world. The full relationship between fisheries and climate change is difficult to explore due to the context of each fishery and the many pathways that climate change affects. to climate change impacts largely due to their reliance on climate-sensitive livelihood sectors, including agriculture. Climate change is one of the most challenging problems facing the world today. Download PDF. 0000054978 00000 n During the course of global warming, the energy balance and thus the temperature of the earth change, due to the increased concentration of greenhouse gases, which has a significant impact on humans and the environment. Unlike past studies done at … In the village of Lusitu, in the south of Zambia, the returns from farming have diminished due to severe droughts. 0000073457 00000 n Prevention; Ecosystems . Rising sea levels cause problems for people around the world. As an African country, Zambia has not been spared from the adverse effects of climate change and remains highly vulnerable. 0000005128 00000 n UNDP’s climate change activities in Zambia UNDP has been supporting the government of Zambia in preparing the response to the challenges that the country is facing as a result of effects of climate change. The effects of climate change are likely to be some of the biggest environmental challenges our generation has ever faced. 0000003263 00000 n CLIMATE CHANGE I CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS, vULNERABILITy AND ADAPTATION IN ZIMBABWE I IIED Climate Change Working Paper No. Paul S. Chinowsky 1, Amy E. Schweikert 1, Niko L. Strzepek 1 & Ken Strzepek 2 Climatic Change volume 130, pages 49 – 62 (2015)Cite this article. In 2009 Zambia’s Ministry of … CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS AND VULNERABILITY Zambia sits in the bottom 20% of countries in terms of risk preparation, and also among the countries with the highest poverty risk in 2030 (World Bank, 2013)5. OF IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AGRICULTURE IN ZAMBIA1 Suman Jain2 1 An earlier version of this Working Paper was published as CEEPA Discussion Paper number 27. We are eager to see significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and strong efforts to build societies and communities that are resilient and adaptive to climate change impacts. 19 Citations. The health sector is highly sensitive to climate change, and to ensure that the health of populations is protected from the effects of climate change, it is imperative to include a health component (the HNAP) in the NAP. However, the combination of late-arriving seasonal rainfall and early drought in October and November of 2006 combined with a period of intense rainfall in December 2006 and January and February of 2007 has wreaked an unusual level of destruction in several parts … The urgency for adaptation is highlighted by projections from the three reports produced by the IPCC in 2007 (IPCC 2007). An empirical economic assessment of impacts of climate change on agriculture in Zambia”, Policy Research Working Paper No. The health impacts from climate change are expected to be particularly serious in Central and Southern Africa The largest declines in agricultural yields within Africa are anticipated in central South-ern Africa (Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola Darker shading represents countries where pro-ductivity reductions resulting from climate change are highest, lighter shading where they are lowest. 385 0 obj <> endobj xref 385 45 0000000016 00000 n However, there is strong global evidence for these effects. 4 Altmetric. The study incorporates a stressor-response approach to estimate the effects of projected precipita- The country is already experiencing climate induced hazards, which include drought and dry spells, … 3.3.6 Theeffectsoffertilisersubsidies–fromFSPtoFISP 68 3.4 Marketsandmarketingstructures 71 3.4.1 Localanddomesticmarkets 71 3.4.2 Regionalandoverseasexportmarkets 76 AN EMPIRICAL ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AGRICULTURE IN ZAMBIA1 Suman Jain2 1 An earlier version of this Working Paper was published as CEEPA Discussion Paper number 27. Impacts from climate change are happening now. due to climate change and somewhere around 9 billion mouths to feed by 2050, the time to trans-form agriculture in Africa is now. 514 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<56070DEBC5BDF6499A6837BB64512589>]/Index[501 24]/Info 500 0 R/Length 73/Prev 862396/Root 502 0 R/Size 525/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Contribute; 03. h�bbd``b`f���9�`��"� ����q;@�� �s���L��- �!�3��` � involvement. The … h�b```b``�c`g``�� Ā B�@Q� F&���~ S�A�!��/+X�s�8k�@y�� ��ߓV��ʵ�=Ј`>�(��:A(��Q��A�U��La I��X�104|���ɴo�ꬭk�_]��S�q�0&=]��)g��IHi�E&�6� J�$�O���J -,B2]�{�,:�\�x�OVqp��\;G0�c�BK;�E��wR�ʞ��fp��_���%��j One of the sectors that benefit the poor is tourism, and the sector gets impacted by global warming that causes climate variability and change. 2. MTENR, February 2011. Background Paper on Climate Change Issues, Zambia May 2011 1 1.0 INTRODUCTION Climate change has emerged as one of the world’s greatest developmental challenges in the 21st century. 0000079704 00000 n endstream endobj 502 0 obj <. While certain effects of climate change can be beneficial, particularly in the short term, current and future effects of climate change pose considerable risks to people’s health and welfare, and the environment. Climate change is happening now, and the effects can be seen on every continent and in every ocean. 8272 Accesses. Zambia is one of many countries threatened by the effects of climate change. on Climate Change: It is an international body that assesses climate change and provides best available science on climate change. With a majority of Zambians depending on agriculture, even a slight change in temperature can affect crops like maize with catastrophic consequences for livelihoods. The study employs statistical downscaling of future climate scenarios and a water balance model in a hydrological modeling framework to assess the impacts of climate change on water availability. • This assessment significantly advances what we know about the impacts of climate change on public health, and the confidence with which we know it. It also encompasses making the most of any potential beneficial opportunities associated with climate change (for example, longer growing seasons or increased yields in some regions). PMRC is optimistic that the Government will ensure coherence between National Development Plans and the implementation of climate change programmes. In response to these impacts, Zambia is working to develop sustainable and appropriate programmes for both crops and livestock in the face of climate change. Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy in Africa, Policy Note no. 2011. 0000049871 00000 n 3 Acknowledgements This working paper draws on research conducted as part of the Meeting Information and Advocacy Needs for Climate Change Adaptation in Zimbabwe project funded by the UK Government’s Department for International Development (DfID). There are estimates that by the middle of the 21st century climate change impacts could reduce maize production in West Africa. And the havoc has already arrived. The most comprehensive report on 2011. 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