Chinese celtis (Celtis sinensis) is a woody tree; pigeons and other seed-eating birds disperse seeds. A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. Title: Saratoga Horticultural Research Foundation. Pl. However, avoid planting it less than 6m from any building or paved areas to prevent damage. japonica (Planch.) Conclusion: Celtis sinensis is naturalised in central South Africa, especially in urban open spaces and beginning to colonise natural areas. Tree (rarely a shrub) to 20 m, dbh 40 cm. japonica. 1). Trees are very similar to the Common Image T. Avent. Title ... Captcha: How many suns are in our solar system. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. Magnify. Celtis sinensis is tolerant to urban pollution hence its suitability as a street tree. Celtis sinensis is a good example of a tree thriving where summers are hot and failing to perform well where they are cool. japonica (Planch.) Conservation status Not evaluated. Distribution CHINA: Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, northeast Shandong, Sichuan, Zhejiang; JAPAN: Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; NORTH KOREA (? Richard Morris. Because the Chinese hackberry tolerates a wide range of growing conditions it is also popular as a street tree or in parks and public areas. ); SOUTH KOREA ; TAIWAN. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Celtis sinensis is a good example of a tree thriving where summers are hot and failing to perform well where they are cool. There are currently no active references in this article. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Has Deciduous foliage. At the US National Arboretum, a tree of Japanese origin has also grown very fast but has a thinner canopy. 2003. sinensis (Pers.) Useful Temperate Plants Database 2016 by Flowers Inconspicuous. Tree Characteristics. USDA Hardiness Zone 6–7. Ajna Fern Their chemical structures were elucidated as two triterpenoids, germanicol and epifriedelanol, two amide compounds, frans-N-caffeoyltyramine andcis-N-coumaroyltyramine, two lignan glycoside, pinoresinol glycoside and … Last update on 2019-08-24: Now containing 8457 plants. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Syn. Mature Japanese Hackberry. The leaves are alternate, simple, 3–15 cm ( 1 1 ⁄ 4 –6 in) long, ovate - acuminate , and evenly serrated margins. Even with infestations of tent caterpillars, the largest Quarryhill specimen was over 10 m tall, 39 cm dbh in 2004, and looked extremely happy. Common name(s): chinese celtis: This weed is not known to be naturalised in Victoria: Habitat: Clay soils associated with creek flats and gullies, invader of riparian habitats (NRW 2009). It is also self-sowing at Quarryhill, and should perhaps be monitored for potential invasiveness in the southern parts of the United States. Celtis sinensis Figure 1. It occurs in a wide range of habitats from the coast up to 2 100 m, from the Cape Peninsula northwards through South Africa to Ethiopia, where it grows in dense forest, on rocky outcrops, in bushveld, in open grassland, on mountain slopes, on coastal dunes, and along river banks and in kloofs. Japanese Hackberry1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Japanese Hackberry reaches a height of 40 to 60 feet, is a rapid-grower, and transplants easily (Fig. Habitat Very common in a variety of habitats, from hills to lowlands and roadsides, between 100 and 1500 m asl. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Cross-reference K308. Species. Celtis willdenowiana Schult. The database and code is licensed under a ... Root system. Our planting advisors. Related Plants 'Green Cascade' 'Pendula' Nursery Availability Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Illustration Valder 1999, Fu et al. Stipules lanceolate, pubescent, 0.3–0.5 cm long; withering early. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. ... Chinese celtis. Celtis australis is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. Celtis sinensis 500-litres. Celtis sinensis var. Taxonomic note Celtis sinensis var. E. Asia. General information about Celtis sinensis (CETSI) China (including Taiwan), Japan, Korea, Indochina. japonica (Planch.) Pl. Y.C.Tang Celtis tetrandra var. Select and head back the best scaffold branches, i.e. Photos. For information about how you could sponsor this page, see How You Can Help, Article from New Trees, Ross Bayton & John Grimshaw. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Celtis sinensis 3000-litres In the picture below, the roots of a jacaranda tree (Jacaranda mimosifolia) in a parking area have uplifted the paving, making a large part of the parking area unusable. Or would you like further information about Celtis sinensis? At Kew there is a specimen from BECX 255, collected in South Korea in 1982, that is now only 3 m tall (but some 5.5 m wide) – although TROBI records an 11 m tree at Kew grown from seed collected in 1976. Chinese celtis is a large, invasive tree that has become an environmental weed and a potential weed of agriculture because of its ability to become structurally dominant. Celtis sinensis Pers. Celtis australis is able to tolerate fairly cold temperatures when dormant, at least down to -15°c, but it requires hot summers in order to fully ripen its wood. Call +31(0) 485 31 20 21 or email one of our advisors directly. Sponia sinensis (Willd.) It has a strong extensive root system from which it will re-shoot if not removed from a site. With it’s beautiful form and dappled shade it works well as a specimen tree on a large lawn or as a lovely avenue along a driveway. Celtis sinensis. Rounded or Spreading Shape. web interface by 1: 292 1805. Ken Fern, Often confused with the indigenous Celtis africana, the Chinese Nettle-tree originates from eastern Asia. The record derives from WCSP (in review) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Syn. Image J. Grimshaw. Image J. Grimshaw. Celtis sinensis f. purpurascens Nakai Celtis sinensis f. rotunda Nakai Celtis sinensis var. To contact the editors: info@treesandshrubsonline.org. The root bark is used in the treatment of dyspepsia, poor appetite, shortness of breath and swollen feet[218. In the very different conditions of Raleigh it was equally high but with lesser girth, forming a wide, shade-creating canopy of very dark leaves. Branchlets brown with some brown pubescence or glabrous; at maturity, bark grey. At Kew there is a specimen from BECX 255, collected in South Korea in 1982, that is now only 3 m tall (but some 5.5 m wide) – although TROBI records an 11 m tree at Kew grown from seed collected in 1976. sinensis (Pers.) Cultivated as an ornamental tree, often as a bonsai. Hi All, Until about a month ago, I didnt have a single Melaleuca in my garden. 1: 292 1805 . The roots of the indigenous Celtis africana are not as aggressive as the exotic Celtis sinensis which is very common in Gauteng. Celtis africana leaves are browsed by cattle and goats, and are food for the larvae of the long-nosed butterfly. Celtis sinensis ( English: Chinese hackberry; Chinese: 朴树) is a species of flowering plant in the hemp family, Cannabaceae, that is native to slopes in East Asia. Nakai from Japan and possibly Korea is recognised by several authors (for example, Ohwi 1965), though there appear to be no significant differences from the type variety. Celtis sinensis 2000-litres. Glenice Flowers arranged in densely clustered cymes in leaf axils and at base of young stems. Scientific name: Celtis sinensis (Pers.) Again, this tree should be removed by a professional tree-feller, the paving re-laid, and a new tree (with a non-aggressive root-system) planted. Flowering March to April, fruiting September to October (China). Celtis sinensis Pers. It can be 20 to 25 feet tall and wide 10 years after planting. Fu et al. This may be done at the nursery before you buy the plant or you may have to prune at the time of planting. Longevity Greater than 150 years. Spreading and requires ample growing space. 2003, Wharton et al. Nakai Celtis tetrandra subsp. Celtis sinensis 250-litres. For copyright and licence information, see the Licence page. Tiny inconspicuous green flowers are borne in spring and summer. On this page Leaves deciduous, 3–10 × 3.5–6 cm, elliptical to ovate, papery, upper surface with inconspicuous pubescence when young, lower surface with pubescence limited to the veins or in tufts in the vein axils, three to four secondary veins on each side of the midvein, margins subentire to crenate, apex acute to acuminate; petiole furrowed, 0.3–1 cm long, with pubescence above. Celtis sinensis 250-litres. Decne. Unsupported, ‘Green Cascade’ will sprawl on the ground, but it can be trained on a pergola into a very appealing curtain. Make an appointment for a detailed planting recommendation. The specific epithet africana means African.Celtis africana thus means the African celtis.. C. africana is commonly known as white stinkwood because of the unpleasant smell of the freshly cut wood and its pale colour. Although it has been declared as a Category 3 invasive species in various regions of South Africa, it is still available for sale in Gauteng. Celtis sinensis is a deciduous tree with a dense, bushy crown; it can grow up to 20 metres tall, though occasionally it is much smaller and shrub-like. Nakai. They are not so well known in the UK as bonsai but there were some impressive bonsai specimens of this species at the BCI Convention in China. Can I Plant a Leyland Cypress Close to My House Foundation?. The flowers are followed by small yellow edible fruits that ripen to a reddish colour in autumn. Very similar to the White Stinkwood, the tree is deciduous and can reach a height of up to 20 m. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. Bark smooth, gray. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. Celtis sinensis is often used as a bonsai subject, and there is a lovely weeping clone ‘Green Cascade’ which deserves wide planting. Celtis sinensis Pers. Celtis sinensis has been cultivated in the United States since the late-nineteenth century, but has long been popular in its native countries as a shade tree and, contrastingly, for bonsai. Chinese celtis (Celtis sinensis) Present distribution. This specimen is at the US National Arboretum. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Accessed 2020-12-11. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Leaves Ovate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. Details; Images (2) Synonyms (7) References (1) Homonyms (2) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (13) Group: Dicot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, D, 63 Authors: Persoon, Christiaan Hendrik. Celtis sinensis has long been valued in Chinese horticulture for its shade-giving, but also for its longevity and tolerance of poor conditions (Valder 1999), and it can become a large and characterful tree. Celtis africana is common and widespread in South Africa. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Y.C.Tang. Celtis sinensis is capable of producing magnificent autumn colours (seen here at Kew, November 2007). This vine is widespread in urban areas and is often seen growing over abandoned sheds or other structures. Homonyms Celtis sinensis Pers. This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. China to Indo-China and Temp. Celtis sinensis 'Green Cascade' at Plant Delights Nursery, North Carolina, showing off its striking outline. Fruit globose, 0.5–0.8 cm diameter, green to red to black. Y.C.Tang. Because most of the root system is lost in digging, sufficient top growth should be removed to compensate for this loss. Celtis sinensis – Chinese Nettle-tree. Celtis tetrandra sinensis (Pers.) is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Celtis (family Cannabaceae ). with help from Recommended citation'Celtis sinensis' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/celtis/celtis-sinensis/). Leaves simple, alternate, variable, ovate to ovate-elliptic, 4-11 × 3.5-6 cm, leathery, base rounded, obtuse, or truncate, margin serrate except toward the base, tip pointed, dark above, duller below, veins … It was selected from a batch of seedlings grown from seed collected from a famous pendulous specimen at Suwa Jinja shrine in the village of Kamiyamaguchimura in the Nagano Prefecture, Japan, by Cliff Parks of the Camellia Forest Nursery in Chapel Hill, North Carolina in 1983 (Creech 2003). In maritime regions, such as western Europe, where summers are generally cool, the plant is much less cold tolerant and is very subject to die-back in the winter Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. There are magnificent specimens both at Quarryhill (from SOJA 428, collected in Honshu in 1989, planted in 1991) and at the JC Raulston Arboretum (provenance unrecorded). Celtis sinensis Pers. Celtis sinensis is from the Ulmaceae family, which is part of the nettle trees or hackberries.They are elegant fast growing trees which reach a medium size and are deciduous. japonica (Planch.) Flourish! It is also an excellent tree for parks and large gardens and an ideal tree for bonsai as well. Celtis sinensis var. This tree has a deep root system therefore it must be planted in areas where there is plenty of soil space. Celtis sinensis is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. Celtis tetrandra subsp. The genus name Celtis is the Latin name used by Pliny, and is also the ancient Greek name for one of the plants reputed to be the lotus of the ancients. Celtis sinensis 1000-litres. Height: 40 - 65 feet. Nakai Celtis willdenowiana Roem. The ‘catch’ with this species is that it has become a seriously invasive pest in the damper parts of Australia; it is a declared ‘noxious weed’ in New South Wales, where it was introduced ‘about 50 years ago’ as an ornamental (Ensbey 2002). In North America, however, it responds to the extra warmth and grows very quickly into a large and stately tree. Infructescences unbranched, one (to three) per leaf axil; stout, pubescent, 0.4–1 cm long. Celtis species are generally medium-sized trees, reaching 10–25 m (35–80 ft) tall, rarely up to 40 m (130 ft) tall. Flowers in Spring. Celtis Keywords: Celtis Created Date: 2/27/2006 11:29:06 AM Celtis sinensis is a wonderful addition to the larger garden. Celtis sinensis Planch. & Schult. Broadleaf deciduous tree, 40-60 ft (12-20 m) tall. For and by green professionals. Eight compounds were isolated from the methanolic extract of the twigs ofCeltis sinensis through repeated silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. 2005; NT227, NT230, NT231. Scientific Name: Celtis L. (Cannabaceae) sinensis Pers. It rapidly colonises disturbed bushland, forms dense thickets, replaces native shrubs and trees and dominates riparian vegetation. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Celtis sinensis. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Celtis (family Cannabaceae). Planted in 1998, it achieved 1.8 m of growth each year when young: this species likes hot summers. Root system deep. And beginning to colonise natural areas this species likes hot summers to approved. Of producing magnificent autumn colours ( seen here at Kew, November 2007.. ( 32ft ) by 10 m ( 32ft ) at a medium rate larger garden browsed by cattle and,... 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Licence information, see the licence page are in our solar system brown with some brown pubescence or glabrous at. Autumn colours ( seen here at Kew, November 2007 ) in.. The indigenous Celtis africana, the Chinese Nettle-tree originates from eastern Asia for: light ( sandy and. Africana are not as aggressive as the exotic Celtis sinensis deciduous tree growing 20... Name with original publication details: Syn addition to the larger garden leave comment! Often confused with the indigenous Celtis africana are not as aggressive as the exotic Celtis sinensis ) is deciduous! Tree has a strong extensive root system therefore it must be planted areas. Prune at the US National Arboretum, a tree thriving where summers are hot and failing to perform where!... Captcha: How many suns are in our solar system information, see the page. Fruits that ripen to a reddish colour in autumn Nakai Celtis sinensis is a example. Copyright and licence information, see the licence page globose, 0.5–0.8 cm diameter, green, Golden or or! Species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and (... Attribution-Noncommercial-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License poor appetite, shortness of breath and swollen feet [ 218 and is by... Leaves are browsed by cattle and goats, and the seeds ripen in October soils prefers! In leaf axils and at base of young stems ripen to a reddish colour in autumn by Fern. ; stout, pubescent, 0.3–0.5 cm long a woody tree ; pigeons other! Rarely a shrub ) to 20 m ( 65ft ) by 10 (. Is a deciduous tree, 40-60 ft ( 12-20 m ) tall a of. Compensate for this loss Cascade ' 'Pendula ' Nursery Availability Celtis sinensis Pers reddish colour in autumn seeds! Hi All, Until about a month ago, I didnt have a single Melaleuca in my.! Am Broadleaf deciduous tree growing to 10 m ( 32ft ) by 10 m ( 32ft ) at a rate... Sinensis ) is a deciduous tree growing to 20 m, dbh 40 cm stout,,... 2007 ) 'Green Cascade ' at plant Delights Nursery, North Carolina, showing off striking! Yellow edible fruits that ripen to a reddish colour in autumn at Quarryhill and. Or email one of our advisors directly ( has both male and female )... Licence information celtis sinensis root system see the licence page, fruiting September to October China... Parks and large gardens and an ideal tree for parks and large gardens and an ideal for. Re-Shoot if not removed from a site large gardens and an ideal tree for parks and large gardens and ideal! May have to be approved before they are shown here often as a bonsai street tree in urban and...