Born in Portland, Indiana, Adair attended the public schools and Portland High School where he engaged in mercantile pursuits and served as clerk of the city of Portland 1888–1890. [11] Although bank notes issued by the Bank of the Commonwealth quickly fell well below par, creditors who refused to accept these devalued notes had to wait two years before seeking replevin. [11] Shortly after returning to private life, he began to complain about the low value of Bank of the Commonwealth notes —then worth about half par —and petitioned the legislature to remedy the situation. [64] Emboldened by Adair's message, Relief partisans sought to remove the three justices of the state Court of Appeals, as well as James Clark, a lower court judge who had issued a similar ruling, from the bench. [6] Although he escaped at one point, Adair was unable to reach safety because of difficulties related to his smallpox infection and was recaptured by British Colonel Banastre Tarleton after just three days. After a long legal battle, he was acquitted of any wrongdoing; and his accuser, General James Wilkinson, was ordered to issue an apology. Biography . Senator and Postmaster General William T. Barry was his secretary. Biography. A native of South Carolina, Adair enlisted in the state militia and served in the Revolutionary War, during which he was twice captured and held as a prisoner of war by the British. John Adair, Composer: Wizards of Waverly Place. John George Adair (1823–85) gained notoriety as a cruel landlord because of the Derryveagh evictions carried out on his estate in County Donegal in April 1861. [61], The state's other bank, the Bank of Kentucky, adhered to more conservative banking practices. John Alfred McDowell Adair (December 22, 1864 – October 5, 1938) was a U.S. Representative from Indiana. "[27] The remarks, popularly believed to be from Jackson in response to Adair's letter, were subsequently reprinted across Kentucky. [27] The Reporter investigated and published an explanation of how Thomas's remarks had been attributed to Jackson. [47], Unable to provide tangible evidence of Adair's alleged misdeeds, Jackson provided indirect evidence that a conspiracy was possible. [31] The citizens collected what weapons they had —mostly old muskets in various states of disrepair —and gave them to Davis' men. [29] From there, they could quickly move to reinforce whichever portion of the American line received the heaviest attack from the British. [23] In 1872, his remains were moved to the Frankfort Cemetery, by the state capitol, and the Commonwealth erected a marker over his grave there. John Adair as an American pioneer, soldier, and politician. [41] He wrote to the Kentucky Reporter at that time, denouncing the remarks as a forgery. [13] He was elected to the Kentucky House again from 1800 to 1803. After working as a senior lecturer at the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst from 1961 to 1967, he later worked for the Industrial Society before becoming professor of leadership studies at the University of Surrey in 1979, a post he held until 1984. [3], In 1784, Adair married Katherine Palmer. Adair was born in Luton and educated at St Paul's School before undertaking his National Service as a second lieutenant in the Scots Guards from 1953 to 1955. [11] He also oversaw the enactment of a plan for internal improvements, including improved navigation on the Ohio River. Turner Adair, third, child of John Adair, the eldest member of the family now living, was born in September 1825 in Lawrence District, South Carolina. [9] Rather than wait for his partial term to expire, he resigned on November 18, 1806. [3] He remained active in the Kentucky militia, and on February 25, 1797, he was promoted to brigadier general and given command of the 2nd Brigade of the Kentucky Militia. John married second Jane Kilgore probably in Laurens County say about 1790. [6] He advocated prison reform and better treatment of the insane. He was educated at schools in Charlotte, North Carolina, and enlisted in the South Carolina militia at the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War. After moving to Kentucky in 1786, Adair participated in the Northwest Indian War, including a skirmish with the Miami Chief Little Turtle near Fort St. Clair in 1792. John Adair was born in 1885 in the USA. 32 quotes from John Adair: 'Communication is the sister of leadership', 'Effective leaders treat individuals differently but equally', and 'praise and recognition based upon performance are the oxygen of … [37][40] This ended the matter until June 1815 when H. P. Helm, secretary to John Thomas, forwarded to a Frankfort newspaper remarks from "the general" that had been annexed to the official report. [57] Opposed to them was the Anti-Relief Party; it was composed primarily of the state's aristocracy, many of whom were creditors to the land speculators and demanded that their contracts be adhered to without interference from the government. Before John Adair went to Cambridge University, he first served the Scots Guards, one of the Foot Guards regime… He was an actor, known for Muss 'em Up (1936), The Ramparts We Watch (1940) and The Big Story (1949). [44] This letter thrust the dispute into the national spotlight and prompted Adair to resume correspondence with him both to defend Davis's men and refute Jackson's charges of conspiracy. Constitution. He was assigned to the regiment of his friend, Edward Lacey, under the command of Colonel Thomas Sumter and participated in the failed colonial assault on a Loyalist outpost at Rocky Mount and the subsequent … John Adair was born in Chester County, South Carolina in 1757, and he served in Thomas Sumter's militia during the American Revolutionary War, being captured at the Battle of Camden before fighting at the Battle of Eutaw Springs. He later obtained a doctorate from King'… He ascended to the United States Senate to fill the seat vacated when John Breckinridge resigned to become Attorney General of the United States in the Cabinet of Thomas Jefferson, but failed to win a full term in the subsequent election due to his implication in a treason conspiracy involving Vice President Aaron Burr. [59] While this held the value of its notes closer to par, it also rendered loans less available, which angered relief-minded legislators; consequently, they revoked the bank's charter in December 1822. He later obtained a doctorate from King's College London in 1966 and a BLitt degree from Jesus College, Oxford in 1971. [4][5] During the British victory over the Colonists at the August 16, 1780, Battle of Camden, Adair was taken as a prisoner of war. [19] After hearing testimony, the grand jury rejected the indictment against Adair as "not a true bill" and similarly dismissed the charges against Burr two days later. [59] To inspire confidence in the devalued notes, Adair mandated that all officers of the state receive their salaries in notes issued by the Bank of the Commonwealth. He is known for his work on inFamous (2009), Mortal Kombat (2011) and StarCraft II: … [30], Jackson's official report blamed the Kentuckians' retreat for the collapse of the west bank defenses, and many Kentuckians felt it played down the importance of Adair's militiamen on the east bank in preserving the American line and securing the victory. He became a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society in 1966. He married first Ga-Ho-Ga of the Cherokee Nation probably in Laurens County say about 1780. [17] Clay then threw his support to Buckner Thruston, a more palatable candidate who defeated Adair on the seventh ballot. In the year of 1830 Mr. Adair came to Graves County, Kentucky, and settled in Lynnville Precinct on the place where his widow now resides. [21] Adair quickly raised three regiments, but the federal government provided them no weapons and no means of transportation. John Adair of Genoch, Galloway. [9][12], In late 1814, Andrew Jackson requested reinforcements from Kentucky for his defense of the Gulf of Mexico. Patrick Adair was of the family of Adair of Galloway, originally Irish (Fitzgeralds of Adare). The Biography: John Martin Adair was born on June 3, 1858 in the town of Fort Gibson, Cherokee Nation (now Fort Gibson, Oklahoma). [12], Adair returned to the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1798. [2] He assisted in the construction of Fort Greeneville in 1794, forwarding supplies to Anthony Wayne during his operations which ended in a decisive victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. He was the first husband of Shirley … Unusually, he served as adjutant of a Bedouin regiment in the Arab Legion and was briefly in command of the garrison of Jerusalem in the front line. John emigrated to America with two brothers, Edward and James. He was the eighth Governor of Kentucky and represented the state in both the U.S. House and Senate. [43] As ostensible proof that he was not predisposed against Kentuckians, Jackson also implied that he had not reported additional dishonorable behavior by Kentucky militiamen during the battle. His primary effort toward this end was the creation of the Bank of the Commonwealth, but many of his other financial reforms were deemed unconstitutional by the Kentucky Court of Appeals, touching off the Old Court–New Court controversy. In response, the General Assembly passed an act creating a state "Literary Fund" which received half of the clear profits accrued by the Bank of the Commonwealth. [56] They claimed that no government intervention could effectively aid the debtors and that attempts to do so would only prolong the economic depression. John Adair (January 9, 1757 – May 19, 1840) was an American pioneer, soldier, and politician. He married Ellen Crawford and had at least one son, John Jr., and one daughter, Mary or Maria. [65] The "Barry Report," delivered to the legislature in December 1822, was lauded by such luminaries as John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison. He was educated and trained for the … His father James Adair (1714-1796) was an indian trader famously known for writing a book "History of the American Indians". [56] The federal government had created the Second Bank of the United States in 1817, and its strict credit policy hit Kentucky's large debtor class hard. In Ireland the surname is almost exclusive to Ulster and particularly to counties Antrim and Down.Here they are of Scottish origin where the surname is most common in Galloway.Many of the Galloway Adairs settled in Ulster during and after the Plantation.A few of the name in Ireland may be of the family name Ó Dáire. [19] Adair had traveled to Louisiana to inspect a tract of land he had recently purchased there. After becoming a grown man he enlisted in theUnited States Army during the War of 1812 and after the great battleof New Orleans he was honorably discharged but he disappeared and wasnever heard of again. 113–114, Trowbridge, "Kentucky's Military Governors", Speaker of the Kentucky House of Representatives, intended to create a new, independent nation, "Jesse James: A Cultural Fighter for Confederacy", "Biographical Sketch of Governor John Adair", "The Court Proceedings of 1806 in Kentucky Against Aaron Burr and John Adair", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Adair&oldid=993076010, People from Chester County, South Carolina, Democratic-Republican Party United States senators from Kentucky, Jacksonian members of the United States House of Representatives from Kentucky, Democratic-Republican Party state governors of the United States, Speakers of the Kentucky House of Representatives, Members of the Kentucky House of Representatives, South Carolina militiamen in the American Revolution, American Revolutionary War prisoners of war held by Great Britain, American people of the Northwest Indian War, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with USCongress identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 17:38. [22] Adair rendered commendable service in the campaign, most notably at the American victory in the Battle of the Thames on October 5, 1813. [34][35] Davis' men insisted the report was based on Jackson's misunderstanding of the facts and asked that Adair request a court of inquiry, which convened in February 1815 with Major General Carroll of Tennessee presiding. [48] His response, delayed by his treaty negotiations with the Cherokee, was printed September 3, 1817, and used complicated calculations based on spacing and distance, to argue that Adair had only half the number of men he claimed to have commanded at the Battle of New Orleans. [59] Adair oversaw the abolition of the practice of incarceration for debt, and sanctioned rigorous anti-gambling legislation. [17] Grundy accused Brown of involvement in a conspiracy to make Kentucky a province of the Spanish government, damaging his popularity. Overview of Adairs Action Centered Leadership, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Adair_(author)&oldid=943773554, People educated at St Paul's School, London, Academics of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 March 2020, at 21:12. [69][70], Governor, Senator, Representative, and pioneer from Kentucky, "Senator Adair" redirects here. See Smith, pp. [27] Helm claimed he sent a subsequent correction to the newspaper that published the remarks, but it was never printed. The eviction of 244 people, including many women and children, is regarded as one of the worst excesses of Irish landlordism. [3], He died at home in Harrodsburg on May 19, 1840, and was buried on the grounds of his estate, White Hall. Add to Basket. [5] He is president of Adair International. He is usually treated as son of Rev. John Adair was born January 9, 1757, in Chester County in the Province of South Carolina, a son of Scottish immigrants Baron William and Mary [Moore] Adair. [21] Shelby asked Adair to serve as his first aide-de-camp. Adair's participation in the War of 1812, and a subsequent protracted defense of Kentucky's soldiers against General Andrew Jackson's charges that they showed cowardice at the Battle of New Orleans, restored his reputation. ), Scottish surveyor and cartographer whose maps established a standard of excellence for his time and probably inspired the … [54] Adair also campaigned for Jackson during his presidential campaigns in 1824, 1828, and 1832. [19] Daveiss had to ask for a postponement because Davis Floyd, one of his key witnesses, was then serving in the Indiana General Assembly and could not be present in court. Adair, John George (unknown–1885) H. Allen Anderson Biography Entry John George Adair, Panhandle cattleman, was an English aristocrat of Scots-Irish descent who owned vast estates in England and Ireland. [46] He flatly denied the existence of a conspiracy, and chastised Jackson for making charges without supporting evidence. [51] He also defended his account of the number of troops under his command, which he had consistently reported as being near 1,000, and asked why Jackson had not challenged it until now. [6] He contracted smallpox and was treated harshly by his captors during his months-long imprisonment. John Adair is known for his work on Wizards of Waverly Place (2007), Big Stan (2007) and The Suite Life of Zack & Cody (2005). ADAIR, JOHN (d. 1722), an eminent Scottish surveyor and map maker, lived during the close of the seventeenth century and the first quarter of the eighteenth century. [9] In 1806, however, Burr was arrested in Frankfort on charges of treason. He was an actor, known for Muss 'em Up (1936), The Ramparts We Watch (1940) and The Big Story (1949). [20] Sitting governor Gabriel Slaughter had lobbied for some measures favored by the state's debtors, particularly punitive taxes against the branches of the Bank of the United States in Louisville and Lexington. [25][30] When they arrived in New Orleans, they were told that the city's arms had already been shipped to Adair. He is best known for starring alongside John Wayne in the films Sands of Iwo Jima, Fort Apache, and She Wore a Yellow Ribbon. [54] Jackson's opponents compiled copies of his letters into campaign pamphlets to use against him in Kentucky during these elections. He died June 4, 1878. Adair was elected to a total of eight terms in the state House of Representatives between 1793 and 1803. Ga-Ho-Ga died perhaps in Laurens County after 7 Feb 1789. [20] Although the legal battle between the two spanned several years, the court found that Wilkinson had no solid evidence against Adair and ordered Wilkinson to issue a public apology and pay Adair $2,500 in damages. [9] They retreated to their camp and made a stand, forcing the Miamis to withdraw. [65] The fund was to be available, proportionally, to each of the state's counties for the establishment of "a system of general education". John Adair was born in Luton in the United Kingdom. [18] Most of those he spoke with believed he was acting on behalf of the federal government and intended to expand U.S. holdings in Mexico. [17] Grundy's influence in the legislature continued to grow, and when John Breckinridge resigned to accept President Thomas Jefferson's appointment as U.S. Attorney General in August 1805, the Senate chose Adair to fill the vacancy. Ga-Ho-Ga was born in the Cherokee Nation say about 1760. Following his term as governor, Adair served one undistinguished term in the United States House of Representatives and did not run for re-election. A native of South Carolina, Adair enlisted in the state militia and served in the Revolutionary War, during which he was twice captured and held as a prisoner of war by the British. [47] Further, he claimed that Adair had ordered Davis to New Orleans to obtain weapons knowing that the arms had already been taken by other brigades under Adair's command. [11] Upon the state's admission to the Union, he was elected to the Kentucky House of Representatives, serving from 1793 to 1795. [59] Adair garnered 20,493 votes; U.S. [11] At the convention, he was the leader of a group of politically ambitious delegates who opposed most limits on the powers and terms of office of elected officials, particularly on legislators. In his early life, John first attended St. Paul’s School, an independent school in London that provides education solely to boys aged from 7 to 18 years. [42] Adair believed Jackson's references to the remarks as a "forged dish, dressed in the true Spanish style" was a thinly veiled reference to Adair's alleged participation in the Burr conspiracy. [59], The Kentucky Court of Appeals, then the state's court of last resort, struck down the law ordering a two-year stay of replevin because it impaired the obligation of contracts. [5] He was chosen as a delegate to the South Carolina convention to ratify the U.S. John Adair has recently been made United Nations Chair of Strategic Leadership. [6], Clay had insisted that the trial proceed in Adair's absence, and, the next day, Daveiss presented indictments against Burr for treason and against Adair as a co-conspirator. [27] The "general" referenced was in fact General John Thomas; Jackson had never seen them. [51] Finally, he claimed that not only did he retrieve the weapons from New Orleans under Jackson's orders, but he rode Jackson's horse to New Orleans to effect the transaction. John has had a colourful early career. [67], Adair's endorsement of the Missouri Compromise was instrumental in securing its passage by Kentucky legislators. He continued to serve as adjutant general until 1817, when the voters returned him to the state House of Representatives. John Adair, pioneer settler and local official, usually identified as "The Entry Taker," was born in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. [9] Adair believed this too, having received letters from his former commander, James Wilkinson, which appeared to confirm it. [67] Legislators largely ignored the report, a decision Kentucky historian Thomas D. Clark called "one of the most egregious blunders in American educational history". [11] The bank made generous loans and liberally issued paper money. [28] The officials agreed under the condition that the removal of the arms from the armory be kept secret from the citizenry. Adair was born in Luton and educated at St Paul's School before undertaking his National Service as a second lieutenant in the Scots Guards from 1953 to 1955. [30] The British quickly abandoned the position they had just captured, but Jackson resented the setback in an otherwise spectacular victory. [59], Kentucky historian Lowell H. Harrison opined that the most important measure implemented during Adair's administration was the creation of the Bank of the Commonwealth in 1820. He was the eighth Governor of Kentucky and represented the state in both the U.S. House and Senate. A native of South Carolina, Adair enlisted in the state militia and served in the Revolutionary War, during which he was twice captured and held as a prisoner of war by the British. An important point about the model is that it anyone can use it regardless of the position within an organization. Biography Rev. His father was a member of the Cherokee Nation, named John Lafayette Adair. He was a visiting professor at the University of Exeter from 1990 to 2000. Popular for his service in two wars, he entered politics in 1792 as a delegate to Kentucky's constitutional convention. [47] Responding to Jackson's allusion to Spain, Adair recalled that Jackson had also been implicated with Burr. Officials claimed he in fact intended to create a new, independent nation in Spanish lands. [20] Adair's acquittal and successful counter-suit came too late to prevent damage to his political career. [67] It also concluded that the Literary Fund alone was insufficient for funding a system of common schools. [65][66] Authored by committee member Amos Kendall, it criticized the idea of land grant academies then prevalent in the state as unworkable outside affluent towns. 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