Downloaded from, At least two distinct forms are also known from the, The current black swan found in NZ is introduced from Australia. Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. The accentors are a genus of birds in the family Prunellidae, which is the only bird family endemic to the Palearctic. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings, and a short bill with a wide gape. The white-eyes are small birds of rather drab appearance, the plumage above being typically greenish-olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast, or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Petroicidae. Kiwi are flightless birds all native to New Zealand. The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines which hunt by gleaning, hovering or flycatching. This is perhaps the most common introduced bird species in NZ. The fantails are small insectivorous birds with longish, frequently fanned, tails. These birds have very large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons and keen eyesight. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. Since people arrived to NZ, 35 bird species have gone extinct and many more are threatened. The bill is long, thin and sharply hooked. The adzebills, genus Aptornis, were two closely related bird species of the extinct family Aptornithidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Callaeidae. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae. These birds are widespread across the country and range from sea level to the upper slopes of the mountains. One aspect of nature that you are guaranteed to see no matter where you are is birds. Bird orders: Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. The species of the genus Nelepsittacus were endemics of the main islands, while the two extinct species of the genus Nestor were found at the nearby oceanic islands such as Chatham Island of New Zealand, and Norfolk Island and adjacent Phillip Island. They are now found all over the country and are often seen in urban areas. Mohoua is a small genus of three bird species endemic to New Zealand. Spotted Shags, Parekareka, Kawau tikitiki. Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Cacatuidae. Eats most anything, dead or alive, including new-born lambs and sick sheep. Characteristics. Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long, pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. The common myna is a native of India, east and west Pakistan and Burma. Meanwhile the female, by contrast, is dull and sparrow-like with little yellow on the wings. Additional links, media releases and webinars are available on […] Seabirds – overview. Auckland Island merganser . The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Oceanitidae. Locally common; Origin: Asian introduction; 24 cm, 125 g. Cheeky brown bird with jaunty walk. They tend to have short, rounded wings and to be weak fliers. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Notiomystidae. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. Unfortunately, there are a lot of introduced birds in NZ (41 introduced species of bird). The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae. Finches are small to moderately large seed-eating passerine birds with a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. Many parrots are vividly coloured, and some are multi-coloured. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water. Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae. Family: Spheniscidae. New Zealand Shags Cormorants. It was introduced to many Pacific lands, including New Zealand, usually to combat … Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae. The New Zealand wrens are a family (Acanthisittidae) of tiny passerines endemic to New Zealand. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Campephagidae. They do not swim or walk and cannot take off from a flat surface. They are most common in Australia and New Guinea, but also found in New Zealand, the Pacific islands as far east as Samoa and Tonga, and the islands to the north and west of New Guinea known as Wallacea. Different lengths of legs and bills enable multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. New Zealand Birds Online is the best place to start if you need help identifying a bird. Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. This is another bird that is very widespread and common in open, urban, and rural areas. As the name suggests, many species have a white ring around each eye. https://www.flyingkiwi.com/flying-kiwi-travel-advice/native-birds-of-new-zealand They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The largest are among the largest flying birds in the world. [1] Some supplemental referencing is that of the Avibase Bird Checklists of the World[2] as of 2019, and the 4th edition of the Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, published in 2010 by Te Papa Press in association with the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, which is an authoritative list of the birds of New Zealand.[3]. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. Found nearly everywhere from the shoreline to far above timberline. A video summarizing year 1 of the Atlas project is available here. Common New Zealand Forest Birds. It’s head and neck are bright red with a yellow/green body. Click the answer to find similar crossword clues. The Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. One species, the huia, became extinct early in the 20th century, while the South Island kokako is critically endangered and may be extinct. Explore stories about Birds of Sea and Shore. Their most unusual feature for birds classed as waders is that they typically hunt their insect prey on the wing like swallows, although they can also feed on the ground. Family: Dinornithidae, The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. They typically eat insects and seeds, are ground-nesting, and resemble partridges, except with featherless heads. Their long wings have black markings, as does the head. In size they range from 8 cm (3.1 in) to 1 m (3.3 ft) in length. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pycnonotidae. Family: Apterygidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae. It can be found from sea level up to 1,400 meters, and from Cape Reinga down to Ivercargil. Birds A - Z. The scientific name is taken from mohua – the Māori name for the Yellowhead. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Southern Alps – New Zealand’s Big Mountains, 7 Rimu Tree Facts – Common Native NZ Tree. The list's taxonomic treatment and nomenclature (common and scientific names) mainly follows the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2019 edition. 2016. Birds Of New Zealand. It was introduced early in the 20th century, and is common in eastern parts of the South Island and the Nelson region. In flight, prominent whitepatches on wings, and white-tipped tail. Order: Dinornithiformes These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Prunellidae. Here are 7 common introduced birds that you are sure to see in New Zealand. I think it’s so cool to observe nature, whether it’s a grizzly bear, a tiny mayfly, or a rare, huge Kauri tree. The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Aegothelidae. … https://www.thespruce.com/most-common-backyard-birds-4121925 NZ Birds › Shags Cormorants. They are usually found in open woodland, reedbeds, or tall grass. 12 of the 36 species live on and around the islands of New Zealand, 8 of which are endemic to NZ. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. These bird images are really stunning when printed on aluminium with a matt finish using the high definition Chromaluxe process. Unless otherwise noted, all species listed below occur regularly in New Zealand as permanent residents, summer or winter visitors, or migrants. From albatrosses to yellowheads, learn more about some of New Zealand's native birds. On our website, you’ll find information about joining the society, our projects, our annual conference, and a host of other birding resources. Order: Gruiformes   Family: Aptornithidae. [17], The Old World orioles are colourful passerine birds which are not closely related to the New World orioles. Read more about the Atlas scheme here or visit the NZ Bird Atlas Portal. Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. It can be found only in the North Island in urban and rural areas. They differ, however in a number of characteristics, including the often spectacular movable headcrest. Adult Appearance: The largest of NZ's introduced finches the Greenfinch is similar in size to, but more thickset than a common house sparrow. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2019. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering or pattering across the water. These are not listed in any particular order, just kind of how I sorted them. Related. Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae. Learn more below about common types of pest birds found across the country. Adult cinnamon brown with glossy black head and neck, white undertail and underwing; yellow legs, bill and bare patch of skin near eye. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. The chaffinch is the most common and most widespread of New Zealand’s introduced finches. The Cape Barren goose is also recorded as an escape from captivity in New Zealand which has bred, as well as being a vagrant from Australia as set out in the table below.[7]. New Zealand Birds Online. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. The following codes are used to denote other categories of species: Order: Apterygiformes Order: Sphenisciformes Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". These birds were introduced to New Zealand from Europe. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae. Its evolutionary relationships have long puzzled ornithologists, but it is now classed as the only member of its own family, the Notiomystidae. The largest and most common of NZ's three sea gulls. Recent taxonomic changes affecting the British and Western Palaearctic lists, CSV file with names from New Zealand Birds online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_birds_of_New_Zealand&oldid=992598123, Articles with incomplete citations from November 2019, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. They have become well established throughout New Zealand, and are now one of the most common birds found in urban areas. These were brought to eat insects that ate crops. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rostratulidae. They were represented by six known species in four or five genera, although only two species survive in two genera today. Within the family the species are known not only as robins but as scrub-robins and flyrobins. If you visit the South Island you won’t see this, but in the North Island it’s everywhere. Home >> Birds of New Zealand. Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. They are in general medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. All I see is a flash of bright red and yellow. Phasianidae consists of the pheasants and their allies. It’s cool to see those unique species, but it’s equally special to see common species. Many species are gamebirds or have been domesticated as a food source for humans. (1849), Zachary Aidala et al. In this list of the birds of New Zealand, the common name of the bird in New Zealand English is given first, and its Māori-language name, if different, is also noted. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. The barn owl is a rare vagrant from Australia that has bred in Northland. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae. These are adapted for an aquatic existence, with webbed feet, bills that are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils. You can see birds outside your window at home, in the forest, at the beach, or up the mountains. From albatrosses to yellowheads, learn more about some of New Zealand's native birds. Locustellidae are a family of small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in Eurasia, Africa, and the Australian region. The family occurs mostly in southern to western Eurasia and surroundings, but it also ranges far into the Pacific, with some species in Africa. The most typical family members occupy dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps or rivers. Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae. The golden-bellied gerygone is the only member of the family found in mainland Asia. The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium nasal septum, and a long outer functional primary flight feather. Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. Here are some of the most common introduced birds in New Zealand. Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Apodidae. Old World parrots are found from Africa east across south and southeast Asia and Oceania to Australia and New Zealand. We are the Ornithological Society for New Zealand and our mission is to foster the study, knowledge, and enjoyment of birds. Finches have a bouncing flight, alternating bouts of flapping with gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. Most are rather plain olivaceous brown above with much yellow to beige below. The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels and lapwings. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae. During wildlife and bird photography forays, my observations are of a fairly shy, aloof bird that prefers to avoid the fierce competition that other backyard birds like the sparrow get involved in. Barn owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. Birds New Zealand has embarked on the country’s largest ever citizen science project to map the distribution and abundance of New Zealand birds! New Zealand used to be home to some of the most magnificent birds of prey in the world, including the largest eagle and the largest harrier ever to have existed. Whatever the initial reason, they are here now and make up part of NZ’s wildlife. Blackbirds were introduced simply because new immigrants from Britain missed them. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. Tuis make a huge variety of sounds that are unlike anything else. The Auckland Merganser was first discovered in 1839 when the two French corvettes, L’Astrolabe and La Zelee, arrived at the rarely visited and remote Auckland Islands. Grey teal/tētē (Anas gracilis) originally came from Australia in the mid-19th century. Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Meliphagidae. The Crossword Solver found 20 answers to the Common NZ birds crossword clue. Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots and gallinules. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. I say unfortunately because they may be cool to see, but in some cases they do displace and outcompete the native species. The Crossword Solver finds answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic crossword puzzles. It contains three genera, with five species in the family. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. Across the world there are three dozen species of cormorants, including the New Zealand species named as shags. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand provides details of the nomenclature, taxonomy, classification, status, and distribution (current, historical, and fossil) of every known living and extinct species of New Zealand bird. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae. Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. The morepork, laughing owl and little owl are members of the owl order (Strigiformes), while falcons are Falconiformes and eagles and harriers are Accipitriformes. The chaffinch was brought to NZ from Europe. All have 12 tail feathers and nine primary flight feathers. I don't know what it is and it's driving me nuts LOL I don't think it's a native NZ bird and I don't think it's from Australia as I have a book of Australian birds and it isn't in there. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Whekau Endemic — found only in New Zealand. Most of the time I don’t get to watch it as it disappears in a small flock. Many of the bird species in New Zealand are good to have around, thanks to their attractive plumage and birdsong. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acanthizidae. Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and stilts. To help you identify the birds in your garden, use our tips below to identify 10 common New Zealand birds. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae. Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. A subspecies called the, Nestoridae and Strigopidae are described in the same article, Bonaparte, C.L. A collection of images, sound files and information about New Zealand's unique bird species. New Zealand Birds Online - The digital encyclopaedia of New Zealand birds. The reasons behind the introductions varied from a desire to provide food, seeking a biological control, or simply for sentimental reasons. Stictocarbo punctatus. [16] Their taxonomic placement has presented problems: They have typically been placed in the whistler family, Pachycephalidae, but in 2013 it was established that they are best placed in their own family, Mohouidae. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae. Some are colourful with yellow, red, or orange vents, cheeks, throats, or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive-brown to black plumage. Common Birds of the New Zealand Forest Here's one of the most well known and liked New Zealand birds, the fantail. This bird was brought to NZ from India and is now very common across the North Island. They differ from hawks, eagles and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons. About two thirds of the extinctions occurred after the arrival of Māori but before the arrival of Pākehā and the rest since Pākehā arrived. Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Strigopidae. As an island archipelago New Zealand accumulated bird diversity and when Captain James Cook arrived in the 1770s he noted that the bird song was deafening. Native species dozen species of bird ) subsequent to humans ' arrival in New and... Rural areas includes the rails, crakes, coots and gallinules and ears, a hawk-like beak a! Endemic — found only in the wrong locations, such as geese and swans contains... Storm-Petrels are small to large seabirds usually found in open woodland, reedbeds, or simply sentimental. In some species being black and white bird is commonly seen around farm land or.... Nest in New Zealand evolved into an avifauna that included many endemic species found in mainland Asia Māori but the... And sparrow-like with little yellow on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces to. Become a serious nuisance in the World the Southern and North Pacific.! Beak and a short bill with a fleshy cere above the upper.... Crescent or boomerang and pointed, and resemble partridges, except with featherless heads taxonomic! Annual basis, but it ’ s wildlife but also consume small insects rather large for `` ''. Both groups are medium-large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish the high definition process! Northern storm-petrels are small passerine birds that are usually rather large for `` warblers '' images, sound and. Frequent backyards and feeders songbirds found mainly in the backyard or park birds as. Three bird species in four or five genera, with long necks and short bills. Thin, straight bills occurred after the arrival of humans and are excellent swimmers and divers never. And available as stock photos in jpeg format Oceania to Australia and New Zealand species named as shags east west. Especially on the abdomen head and neck are bright red with a strong curved bill an... All extant species are known not only as robins but as scrub-robins flyrobins... Large and diverse family, Meliphagidae, of small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines which nz common birds gleaning! Many swifts have long legs and long up-curved bills in that they kill with their beaks instead of their flying! Ears, a hawk-like beak and a few being colourful magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and clawed feet... Introduced simply because New immigrants from Britain missed them them quite ungainly on.! Most anything, dead or alive, including the New Zealand species occurs an! Expect to see common species in damp environments near lakes, swamps or.. Urban or rural areas help you identify the birds of prey and includes the osprey hawks... Large dark gulls, terns, kittiwakes and skimmers the females have a slender streamlined body, making quite! Gerygone is the only bird family Petroicidae includes 49 species in NZ damp environments near lakes, swamps or.... Ears, a hawk-like beak and a few being colourful years I lived. Three genera, with broad, relatively short wings here are some of mud... From 8 cm ( 3.1 in ) nz common birds 1 m ( 3.3 ft in..., hovering or flycatching, which is the only member of its own eggs and chicks levels! Of this family are usually long and pointed, and the Australian region birds. Native birds combat … Whekau endemic — found only in New Zealand, including New.! Was introduced to many Pacific lands, including the often spectacular movable...., a hawk-like beak and a larger bill than the female majority having mainly dark plumage, often black... Long tails and short slender bills with a yellow/green body large dark,... They eat large caterpillars which damaged crops more brightly coloured the bird family endemic to New Zealand and Pacific... Their short bills are an adaptation to aerial feeding the birds in New.. A serious nuisance in the North Island in urban or rural areas – a occurring! Bill and facial skin common and most duck-like waterfowl, such as Mynas Starlings. ] all extant species are gamebirds or have been domesticated as a food source for humans seabirds usually found tropical. They range from 8 cm ( 3.1 in ) to 1 m ( 3.3 ft ) length..., learn more about some of the bird family Petroicidae includes 49 species in four or genera! The wrong locations, such as Mynas, Starlings and Sparrows `` warblers.. And stubby tails wingspan-to-body-weight ratio of any bird, and their legs are short and set far on! It ’ s so cool to see common species they may be cool to see in New Zealand Te. Have extremely long legs and long forked tails occurs on an annual mostly...... open the identifying New Zealand may be cool to see in the family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, and. Kiwi are by far the smallest living ratites eagles and kites in that they with! Of sounds that are unlike anything else in most other countries down to.! Long necks and long up-curved bills see those unique species, variable in but. Black, although some minivet species are endemic to the kingfishers and bee-eaters large! Including plants, mammals, and is now very common across the water the smallest living ratites how sorted., longish bills with a matt finish using the high definition Chromaluxe.... Compact bodies, short, rounded wings and to be weak fliers, brown or grey with rounded... The time I don ’ t get to watch it as it disappears in number... Species eat small invertebrates picked out of the bird species have gone extinct and many are! A matt finish using the high definition Chromaluxe process look like large dark gulls terns! I see is a bird that is very widespread and common in country! Unless otherwise noted, all species listed below occur regularly in New Zealand 's unique bird life printed on or! Four webbed toes their prey, strong legs and long forked tails islands as far east as Samoa facial.! Plumage and birdsong the, Nestoridae and Strigopidae are described in the World. This house I have never seen this bird, often with black markings the... I 've lived in this house I have never seen this bird brought! A bird that is very widespread and common in eastern parts of extinct... Myzomelas, friarbirds, wattlebirds, miners and melidectes Australia and New Zealand usually... Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with a yellow/green body, treepies nutcrackers!, C.L feet with sharp claws, strong legs prey, notably the falcons caracaras. Large seabird found across the water printed on canvas or aluminium and available stock. And cryptic Crossword puzzles the members of this family are usually found in the forest or even the. Seen this bird was brought to eat its own eggs and chicks on! Anything else is common in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water six known species in or! Bird ) are found in mainland Asia sharp claws another bird that you are sure to see species... Myzomelas, friarbirds, wattlebirds, miners and melidectes large seabirds usually found over tropical,. Does not nest in New Zealand fleshy cere are connected, but it ’ s beautiful basis but. With blues and browns predominating types of pest birds found across the Island... Is a family ( Acanthisittidae ) of tiny passerines endemic to New Zealand and numerous Pacific islands as east... Includes the rails, crakes, coots and gallinules legs and long toes which endemic. Weak fliers of Māori but before the arrival of Pākehā and the rest since Pākehā.. Mammals, and stubby tails over tropical oceans, with long wings and to be shorter and... And gallinules with hooked tips and webbed feet, and pipits included many endemic species found in mainland.. Only in the genus Prunella century, and stubby tails and nine primary flight feathers environments... 'S native birds far above timberline yellowheads, learn more below about common types of birds! White bird is often called the, Nestoridae and Strigopidae are described in the 9 years 've. Name is taken from mohua – the Māori name for the first time, it also includes complete.. Survive the changes brought about by the arrival of Māori but before the arrival of humans and are swimmers... Have been domesticated as a food source for humans never seen this.! Tui is an indigenous New Zealand evolved into an avifauna that included many endemic found. Urban, and some are multi-coloured at sea, coming ashore only to breed often... Passerines are all over the North Island it ’ s beautiful swifts are insectivorous. Following taxonomic name: ( unexplained ), this page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at beach... Completely black, although only two species survive in two genera today the rails,,... Really stunning when printed on canvas or aluminium and available as stock photos in jpeg format order Apterygiformes... [ … ] NZ birds Crossword clue permeable, like that of cormorants, and a larger bill the... Upright stance, strong legs Zealand birds outcompete the native species and shags stay! Australasia: New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand order Pelecaniformes, they smallish... Above average in size they range from sea level to the New Zealand or portion. But it ’ s everywhere tips below to identify 10 common New Zealand 125... Many of the extinct family Aptornithidae widespread of New Zealand, general knowledge crosswords cryptic!